Student Testimonials

Rosella Gennari (Italy)

MSc Logic 1997-1998
PhD 1998-2002

I am Rosella Gennari, one of the international PhD students that you can meet at the ILLC in Amsterdam. In fact, as you can guess from my name, I come from Italy; I am exactly from Pavia, a little and foggy town crossed by the river Ticino.

Before this experience in Amsterdam, I lived and studied in my little town, where I got my degree in Mathematics. After some years spent down there, I thought it'd been time to see something different from that nice but humid place. Thereby I came to Amsterdam, that is indeed bigger than Pavia; instead of a river I've gained a lot of canals and instead of fog a lot of rain.

Seriously, Amsterdam was and still is a valuable experience to me. I landed in Amsterdam in 1997 attracted by the Master of Logic programme. In September 1998 I graduated after completion of my thesis on 'Temporal Reasoning and Constraint Programming'. While I was at the end of my Master, I had the chance to get a PhD position at the ILLC, namely at the Department of Philosophy, where I am now. Well, more or less; I spend a good deal of my time in other departments inside and outside ILLC as well.

For instance, at the Centre for Mathematics and Computer Science, I've been studying a specific theoretical framework - based in iterations of functions, extending it in order to express further constraint propagation algorithms. At the Department of Computer Science, I work on a new translation from multi-modal propositional logic to first-order logic. The new translation aims at improving the performances of first order theorem provers based on unification and resolution.

However, don't be surprised that the ILLC gathers around 'Logic, Language and Computation' people from different departments located on various places in Amsterdam; that's why you'd better have a bike if you want to work or study here.


Ben Rodenhauser

Ben Rodenhäuser (Germany)

MSc Logic 2000-2001

When I read the brochure of the logic programme before I applied here, I was impressed by the remark of one of the students, who wrote that the logic programme was situated "in a country with maybe the highest density of logicians in the world." I imagined then how it would be to live in a city where there is always the possibility of bumping into a logician in the next instant... And although (at least outside of the ILLC buildings) it is not quite like this, the logic programme and Amsterdam exceeded all my expectations of finding an ideal environment for delving deeper into the links between logic, language and computation, while meeting interesting people from all over the world at the same time. There is great freedom which courses to choose from an impressive scale of offerings. For me as a linguist with some logical background (which is something you need here!), the optimal choice was a mixture of mathematical logic courses to strengthen my formal skills and exciting excursions into the dynamics of discourse and information exchange; but the logic programme can basically fit anyone's need. And what is maybe the most important thing: studying logic in Amsterdam is not only an intellectually demanding thing - it's fun as well!

Coming as an exchange student it was a great experience to benefit from the friendly, efficient, and helpful people at the university - both among staff and students. The International Student Network takes care of the social life of the arriving students: already in the first week of my stay in Amsterdam I had the opportunity to get to know my fellow students. I was assigned a student mentor and the university found me a room; in the second week I had an appointment with my study advisor to discuss my course schedule for the coming trimester - and the friendly and international atmosphere among the students did the rest to make me feel comfortable from the beginning.


David Gabelaia

David Gabelaia (Georgia)

MSc Logic 2000-2001

Almost-reciting Kant, one thing fills my mind with ever-increasing wonder and awe (besides starry heavens and moral law) the more often and the more intensely the reflection dwells on it: the amazing and beautiful way of naturally adjoining things from different fields of our knowledge into an elegant and tidy combination. A good example of this is the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation..

ILLC manages to combine completely different backgrounds and spheres of interest in an extremely useful and efficient way. Here you can find people coming from philosophy, mathematical logic, linguistics and computer science. The Master of Logic programme run by ILLC illustrates this interdisciplinarity: collecting students from every part of the earth, interested in various different subjects, together, teaching them to speak the same scientific language, improving their backgrounds and knowledge. This is a very nice tradition to have. I am proud to be part of this crowd. Coming from Georgia, famous for its hospitality, I surprisingly found out that people can be even more kind and helpful to guests here. Although the educational system is quite different from the one in Georgia, kindness, good will and proficiency of people at ILLC make my studies here very enjoyable and informationally rich. It is a great pleasure to be right at the heart of modern science, feeling its powerful beat and enormous potential capabilities. One could hardly find a better environment for decorating the curious and thursty-for-knowledge tabula rasa of young scientists in a smart, systematic and beautiful way. I do believe that in the nearest future this gently and carefully seeded garden will flourish in advantage of science and entire progress. Hopefully, the world goes towards unification and mutual understanding, and if so - ILLC with all it's members and people connected to it - is in the avant garde!


Marcello Vavassori

Marcello Vavassori (Italy)

MSc Logic 2000-2001

"Anyone who's interested in Logic...". That was the beginning of the advert for the MSc Programme in Logic and it was also the spark that made my will to join the Master to grow. I knew Amsterdam for the relevant results in Modal Logic and Dynamic Semantics, but I never had expected to find such a strong gravity centre of logic researchers. The fact that has impressed me the most, and still impresses me, is the interdisciplinary nature of the programme. For the first time in my student life I can be witness to a real deep cooperation among people from different departments. From Computer Science to Linguistics, from Mathematics to Philosophy, you can find every possible interesting application of logic. It's hard to describe, but one can feel that something is happening, that the Research is flourishing around you, sometimes you can feel yourself to be about to touch it. This is, according to my experience, the most stimulating environment where a student could ever work. The thought of studying in the same building as such famous teachers gets you feeling like studying as much as you can and, furthermore, enjoying your work as much as possible. But since life is not only work, when you have finished your daily work, you can join one of the most amazing cities of the world. Amsterdam is where a foreigner stops feeling himself abroad, is where you can satisfy any kind of interest, is where you can often be nicely surprised by the multiethnic character of life style. That's why I'd like to suggest the Master Programme to anyone who's interested, not only in Logic but also in life!


Eva Hoogland

Eva Hoogland (The Netherlands)

PhD 1997-2001

Being born and bred in Amsterdam, I am naturally proud of my city. It is a melting pot of cultures which offers a wide range of opportunities. Whether you want to go salsa-dancing or ice-skating, listen to flamenco music or to the latest techno beats, see modern art or eat Nepalese food: it's up to you. Use your imagination, try, combine, and interesting things may happen. Having studied at the ILLC over the period of the last ten years, I am naturally proud of my institute. Being located in the center of Amsterdam, the ILLC is well awear of the advantages of crossing borders. Have you ever wondered how to model the learning capacity of the human mind? Or, how to represent information transfers? Or, what is Church's thesis about? You did? Then what about studying these questions in parallel? For an inquiring and restless mind, the possibilities at the ILLC are seemingly unlimited. This also requires a word of warning. As usual, the advantages of being able to choose carry the obligation of having to choose. Freedom means responsibility. At the ILLC you are expected to have discipline and show dedication. We may inspire you, we can help you; but you will have to do a lot of work by yourself. Ask yourself whether you're able to combine the stimulating atmospheres of the city of Amsterdam and the Universiteit van Amsterdam. If the answer is yes, I am looking forward meeting you next year!


Catarina Dutilh-Novaes

Catarina Dutilh-Novaes (Brazil)

MSc Logic 1999-2000

When I say that I am doing a Master of Logic, people often ask me: why logic, and why Amsterdam? I still could not find an entirely satisfying answer to the first question (is there one?), but the second one is a lot easier to answer. The Netherlands, and Amsterdam in particular, has a long and remarkable tradition in logic, which has been carried out continuously until the present days. As a result, it is one of the most flourishing research communities in logic nowadays.

One might think that these activities are far outside the scope of students, but it is not the case: since the very beginning, a Master student is expected to take part in seminars, colloquia, and has access to virtually all that is taking place. To help us choose among so many different possibilities, one of the best features of the programme is the role of the supervisor: one supervisor is assigned to each student, and they really make sure that you find your way around and that you work hard! As for myself, having a Philosophy degree, it would not be easy to find a place where I could undertake Mathematical Logic studies without a Mathematics background. Fortunately, I was given this chance within the ILLC programme, to get in touch with many kinds of different logic systems, which will be extremely useful for my future studies in Philosophy of Logic.

The material structure of the programme is very good: offices, computers etc... And, last but not least, the 'personal' structure really makes a difference: everybody is concerned with making sure that everything works out fine for the students, in terms of studies but also in terms of more personal issues (housing problems, legal matters and so forth).

So all in all I am quite convinced I made the right decision, coming to Amsterdam to study logic was indeed the thing to do.


Shai Berger

Shai Berger (Israel)

MSc Logic 1999-2000

In Dirk Gentley's Holistic Detective Agency, sci-fi parody writer Douglas Adams introduces an investigator who believes in the inter-relatedness of all things. I think someone in Amsterdam must have been convinced by them, at least as far as the inter-relatedness of all things logical and cognitive are concerned...

Coming from Computer Science, I have always wanted to study the human mind and its reasoning mechanisms, with the hope that these could be modeled on a computer. This lead me to take interest in Cognitive Psychology, Philosophy and Linguistics, but before I came to the ILLC, I found very little interaction between these different subjects. The methods and approaches of Mathematics and Computer Science were rarely applied to the problems dealt with in other disciplines.

This has changed completely since I came here. Personally, I found, for example, that I could try to apply ideas from Proof Theory to problems in Philosophy of Mind, and my programming experience to research in Visual Reasoning. What I study in the faculty of humanities now directly inspires my mathematical work, which has never happened to me before.

But this integration of subjects is not incidental, nor is it caused by my personal interests and dispositions. It is brought about by a system of interdisciplinary events and common activities where people from different fields meet to share ideas and attitudes.

This brings me to another notion from Dirk Gentley, that of Zen Navigation: If you don't know how to get somewhere, find someone who seems to know where they're going, and follow them; you might not come to where you wanted to go, but you'll probably get to somewhere interesting. I find this a very adequate description of the early stages of an academic career. The only difference is that in physical navigation, you can only follow one person; in a place like Amsterdam, you can follow quite a few, and in radically different directions.


Levan Khavtasi

Levan Khavtasi (Georgia (former Soviet Union))

Exchange Student 1999-2000

With a fellowship from Nuffic, the Netherlands Organisation for international cooperation in higher education, I came to Amsterdam to study the Master of Logic programme. I knew I was coming to a nice place, but didn't quite expect something like this. Everything at the UvA seems to deserve this epithet: professors and lecturers, students, their attitude towards students from outside of Holland, even university buildings and cafeterias....

However, the best thing about studying at ILLC is not that you have your own work and study place at one of the ILLC departments. It is not the fact that if that room happens to be at the department of philosophy you get a wonderful view over that little Amsterdam street through the window. It's not even that all professors and lecturers are so friendly and helpful at all times (that you feel like you should kiss everybody good-buy and head off to Schiphol Airport if you almost failed the last assignment) - no! The best thing, and what amazed me most, is that authors of the most acknowledged and advanced textbooks you study from are not deceased a couple of decades ago, or thousands of miles and oceans away teaching at some other university. They are right here, right now at ILLC, trying to pass all their knowledge and even their strong intuition to you of what quite easily could become your knowledge in the nearest future. You feel like you are in the very centre of the world...at least the world of logic.

I am really thankful to Nuffic which made all of this possible - thank you!


Bernadette Martinez-Hernandez

Bernadette Martinez Hernandez (Mexico)

MSc Logic 2001-2002

For a long time I searched on the Internet for a Master?s degree programme in logic and computer science. I saw many programmes, and one of the most outstanding was the ILLC programme. The courses, the lecturers, the interdisciplinary research and all the facilities gave me a very good impression. So, I decided to request more information about it. The book helped me to know everything about the programme. The remarks of the students were decisive for me. When you are studying abroad you should always look for people who have done it before, to profit from their experience.

And now, studying surrounded by canals and bikes I realized that I took the best choice. Coming from Puebla, a city bigger and hotter than Amsterdam, the first big shock was the cold and the rain. Nevertheless the people here helped me to feel comfortable since the beginning. Some nice people gave me a hand with my luggage and showed me the way to the University. This way I soon settled down.

I knew that Amsterdam was a cosmopolitan city, but I didn't how much! When I first arrived, every day provided me a new experience. The ILLC was also present, organizing the first meetings between students and staff. When the courses started the real fun began. The freedom to pick courses creates the perfect environment to know logic deeper. With a background in Computer Science and some logic, my choices were shared between mathematical logic and computational logic.

Here you can see logicians in action everywhere. Game logic, modal logic, tableaux and constraints are now part of everyday chitchat. The research spirit travels through all the hallways, and lets you know that you are in the right place for developing logic.


Marian Counihan

Marian Counihan (South Africa)

MSc Logic 2001-2002
PhD 2002-2008

I first heard about the ILLC when I attended a summer school in Johannesburg on Logic, Algebra and Computer Science. Several ILLC staff members were attending and contributing to the summer school, and what struck me then was how lively these participants were. Their enthusiasm for their subject was evident in their lectures, and they were approachable and likeable. This is a very fortuitous and unusual combination when it comes to mathematicians. So that was the first seed.

Now, almost two years later, I am here in Amsterdam, doing my masters in the Graduate Programme at the ILLC. What does it feel like to be here? So far, it has only reinforced my initial impressions of the institute: the academic life here is really a life. Interdisciplinary co-operation is continuously encouraged and developed, and there are always extra talks, guest speakers, and social events happening (sometimes too many!). More generally, underlying this is an attitude towards work (and, in particular, academic studies) which is difficult to describe exactly, but I think it has something to do with the Dutch mentality. It carries the following assumptions:
- work doesn't have to be drudgery, it can also be fun.
- don't bother doing something if you are only doing it for reasons that are not your own.
- academic work can and should be put to use - it is not a retreat from the world, but a vital part of it.

It seems to stem from a general attitude of 'straightforwardness' of the Dutch people - which although it is sometimes unsettling - I am finding very refreshing. In fact, I hope I take a little bit of that away with me when I leave, along with all the interesting things I am learning in class.


Irwin Lim

Irwin Lim (Singapore)

MSc Logic 2001-2002

Coming from Singapore, Amsterdam is almost everything my home is not. I hazard that the ILLC is unique amongst the intellectual centers of the world. The atmosphere is so infused with logic that you are more than a little surprised by the diversity the subject has to offer. Since I arrived I have seen so many different aspects of logic which I have only previously read in books, directly from people who are engaged with those subjects. I cannot help but feel the urge to be involved in some way.

Although I graduated with a degree in philosophy, I also have interests in mathematical logic and computer science. One appeal of the ILLC is that there are hardly any barriers to taking courses in the different subjects, which is why I find the MSc Programme so liberating. I can let my interests take free reign and explore the possibilities such a situation promises.

In many ways, the diversity and freedom is reflected in the city of Amsterdam. Sometimes I think that it is perhaps inevitable for the ILLC to be in Amtserdam. What more can a Master's student ask for. I think anyone considering a career as a logician would not want to give the ILLC a miss.


Raj Singh

Raj Singh (Canada)

MSc Logic 2001-2002

The ILLC is exactly what it purports to be, viz. an institute that pursues research of the highest quality in the areas of language, logic and computation. Truly interdisciplinary in nature, the ILLC actively encourages open dialogue between mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers. Indeed, the spirit here is one of cooperation rather than competition, evident by the large number of joint papers and books produced by the institute. The opportunity to work with such a competent faculty has been a most enriching experience. However, on another level, the faculty members here are very approachable, both in and out of the class. It is not uncommon to go out to a local pub with your professor after class or following one of the many colloquia offered by the ILLC. Their friendliness and easy-going manner with their students is a refreshing change from the typical student-faculty relationship.

Although the opportunity for intellectual development runs rampant throughout the ILLC, the interested student should know that there is much more to Amsterdam than logic. There is a wealth of museums, cafes, parks, theatres, and of course, the world-renowned nightlife to take advantage of. An architectural marvel, the city of Amsterdam offers a unique blend of recreation, arts and culture. One should definitely consider the exciting character of the city when considering the ILLC as a potential place to study.

The common underlying thread that runs through the diverse world of the ILLC is that wonderfully eccentric subject known to the world as ?logic?: formulated by Aristotle, furthered by Frege, and in its present form, being advanced on all fronts by the Dutch logic community. The ILLC is a premier place to study for anyone interested in logic, linguistics, computation, and their interaction. The ILLC and the city of Amsterdam offer a wonderful environment for both intellectual and personal development. I highly recommend it to potential students.


Inge Arnesen

Inge Arnesen (Norway)

Logic Year 2003-2004

Two years ago a friend told me about this study program he had just attended as a visiting student: "If I was willing to work harder than I've ever worked before, there were great rewards to be had". The subject was logic and the place was the Graduate Program in Logic at the University of Amsterdam.

When I realised how much his understanding of logic had improved during his brief stay at GPiL, there was little doubt in my mind that this was indeed the case. At the time I saw the possibility of ever going there myself as rather slim: I was working on my masters in Norway and since I had already completed all the logic courses offered at my faculty, I had few expectations of going much further in logic. By a twist of fate, however, what seemed quite unlikely event turned into reality.

My academic background is perhaps a bit out of the ordinary. I've got a B.Sc. in Computer Science and a B.A. with majors in Philosophy and Linguistics. At the time I left for Amsterdam I was half way into my master studies in Philosophy and about to complete my master thesis in Linguistics. Coming to a program where these fields meet mathematics, a field in which I'm a novice, was quite an experience for me. Seeing how seriousness, playfulness and high standards blend into making focused and competitive research groups, it soon became clear to me that GPiL is a living proof that interdisciplinary undertakings don't have to come at the expense of quality.

Was my friend right? Yes indeed. I have never worked so hard and learned so much in such a brief period of time, but it has not been just learning: I have experienced the beauty of some of man's most impressive immaterial creations, I have spent countless hours with fellow MoL-students from all over the world, enjoying their company, admiring their talents and sharing the hardship of countless nights struggling to complete that last proof of some homework assignment. My only regret is that I've not been able to take more part in Dutch society and culture, but a year in one of the most intriguing cities in Europe has made its permanent mark: I may no longer be able to settle for less.


Micheal Franke

Michael Franke (Germany)

MSc Logic 2003-2005
PhD 2005-2009

I still don't understand what makes abstract thought so special. I only know it is special. It is pure, beautiful, compelling and absolute. I remember one of the first classes that I attended here at ILLC. The lecturer says that two modal models stand in a certain formal relation and a student raises his hand and doubts whether this is actually the case. While the student presents his intuitions, the lecturer inspects his finger nails, the tips of his shoes and even risks a look out of the window, trying not to look bored. The student finishes and the lecturer asks: "Do you know why I did not listen to what you said?" I am just as shocked as everybody else in the room. Is this warranted arrogance or impudence, I wonder. The lecturer goes on: "I know that what I said is true. So, however you argue against it, I know that what you say is false." But then he smiles, makes us understand that it was just playacting and explains in detail why the student's way of looking at the matter is indeed incorrect. I sigh in relief. The lecturer did listen, of course, and he pointed out exactly what the mistake was. What I learned that very day was not only a lesson about relations between modal models, but also something much more essential. It made me understand something about logic that I had not understood so far. And it deeply impressed me.

It is true that they make you work hard. Okay, but what would you expect? More important, they also make you see. It is not just calculations, formal language games -- what signs may you write under a certain given row of signs. There is more to it. It is about ideas, progress of human thinking and total certainty. But the real benefit of ILLC is the unconditional multiperspectivity. Due to the institute's interdisciplinary structure and, not at least, the actual co-operation and open-mindedness of researchers, any serious idea, formalism or system will be inspected from a variety of angles. As a result, the common point of view could hardly be more distanced, and yet so involved at the same time. Parallels between at first sight completely unrelated approaches pop into view and problems from previously disjoint domains suddenly share a solution. And this is what I mean when I say that they make you see. They make you see the beauty of abstract thought and eventually it has become a nearly weakly experience -- that moment of coming to see and having to admit that you have been blind before.


Henrik Lennart Nordmark Diaz Gonzalez

Henrik Lennart Nordmark Diaz Gonzalez (Mexico/Sweden/USA)

MSc Logic 2003-2005

Where do mathematics, philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, game theory and linguistics meet each other? Logic lies at the intersection of all these fields. And a physical embodiment of this symbiosis of different fields is the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation. As an undergraduate, I studied mostly mathematics, psychology and philosophy. Because my interests were so broad, I wanted to find a graduate program that would allow me to continue an interdisciplinary study of these subjects. The GPiL seemed to be the perfect choice for this. It is of course possible to study Logic as part of a mathematics program, a philosophy program, or a computer science program, however each of these is likely to be strongly biased in a certain direction. Here at the ILLC, all of these perspectives coexist and interact making logic a much richer and exciting field of study. As if the diversity of the subjects were not enough, the diversity of your fellow classmates adds a new twist to the GPiL experience. Everybody here is very intelligent and everybody has a slightly different academic and cultural/geographical background. I find it fascinating that one can casually slip into a philosophical conversation about AI research with philosophers, computer scientists and mathematicians coming from New Zealand, China, Mexico, and Germany without ever having to leave the ILLC. I won't lie that there have been late nights spent on how to solve a particular modal logic proof for a homework assignment, however all these efforts makes finally finding the solution all the more rewarding. If you are interested in logic and its connections to other disciplines and if you have an adventurous spirit, then you should come here and explore for yourself!


Caroline Foster

Caroline Foster (England)

MSc Logic 2004-2007

I was fortunate enough to stumble across the ILLC while looking for mathematics courses in Amsterdam, as I had already moved to the city and wanted a solid excuse to stay. I had spent the years since my bachelor's degree working in the IT industry, and lucrative though it was, I felt in need of some more intellectual pursuits. I immediately fell in love with the promise of being able to combine my interests in mathematics, philosophy, natural language, logic, and even music, all within the same institute. A few meetings later and I had been adopted as a contract student and was using my vacation time to attend classes on Friday afternoons.

A year later on, I am enrolled as a full-time student on the Master of Logic programme alongside my now part-time job. I can't deny that it's tough - the logic programme is intensive enough without the need for other distractions - but the hard work is more than compensated for by the chance to meet the most amazing people from all over the world and argue about whether a thought is a real object, the use (or not) of the diaeresis in English, and why it is that maths, alone among the sciences, can never be wrong. If you thought you were the only one out there, come to the ILLC and meet your soulmates.


Mathias Schenner

Mathias Schenner (Austria)

MSc Logic 2004-2005

My first contact with researchers and students from the ILLC was at the European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI) in Trento in 2002. I was impressed by the quality of the lectures and by the enthusiasm of all participants. ESSLLIs are great opportunities to meet people with different backgrounds from (at least) all over Europe, sharing a common interest in logic and information. However, there is one main disadvantage: Their limited duration of only two weeks.

At the ILLC I experienced an ESSLLI-like atmosphere. Studying here feels like attending a year-round summer school: world famous researchers are teaching highly motivated students from all over the world in one of the most exciting cities of Europe. Although the ILLC is primarily a research institute, there is also an extremely student-friendly atmosphere and most lecturers are didactically brilliant, always striving for a maximum of clarity, exactness and joy. The positive effect is that students are very soon concerned with ongoing research.

One of the best features of the ILLC is its truly interdisciplinary nature that is directly reflected in the MSc program. The combination of insights from various disciplines, such as logic, mathematics, computer science, linguistics, cognitive science, artificial intelligence and philosophy, gives rise to new explanations and new perspectives on information flow in natural and formal languages.


Rachel Sterken

Rachel Sterken (Canada)

MSc Logic 2005-2007

Studying at the ILLC has been the most challenging and rewarding experience for me - I've never worked so hard, learned so much and felt so free to investigate the bounds of my reason. The variety of courses, logicians, research activities and students makes it such a nice environment for young logicians to gain a broad understanding of the field. Whether your ultimate place and focus in logic will be oriented towards mathematics, philosophy, linguistics or computer science, I think all logicians should experience the diversity of their field. I am convinced that there is no better place in the world to do this than the ILLC - I'm so glad to have the opportunity to be here!


Raul Leal

Raul Leal (Colombia)

MSc Logic 2005-2007
PhD 2007-

The 17th century is considered to be the Dutch Golden Age during which Amsterdam was the most important trans-shipment centre of Europe, and the leading financial centre of the world. Nowadays, the physical trading of goods is not as important as it was in the past, but Amsterdam remains one of the most important world centres of the knowledge trade. In particular, the city of Amsterdam, and in particular the ILLC, is one of the most important trans-shipment centres for research in logic. Before I came to the ILLC, I thought I knew what logic was. During my MSc studies, I saw that people in Amsterdam are working on branches of logic that I had never dreamed of. Nowadays, I can not define anymore what logic is.

Most branches of logic are present at the ILLC. Professors and fellow students at the ILLC will be always happy to discuss any area of logic with you, and encourage you to do research in any area you choose. Even if you are interested in some area of logic not represented at the ILLC, you will be able to find it at some other academic institution in the Netherlands in contact with the ILLC. So, if you want to do research in any area of logic, the ILLC is the place to start your research career.


Thomas Icard III

Thomas Icard III (United States of America)

MSc Logic 2006-2008

Apart from the wonderful people and pleasant surroundings, what sets the ILLC apart, to my mind, is the diversity of approaches to logic and the rich variety of interactions between logic and other disciplines represented here. I think it's fair to say these days that logic is better seen, not as a single field with a definite subject matter and established method, but rather as a family of methods and approaches relating to different subject matters in different ways. I only truly came to understand this after a year of study at the ILLC.

However, such diversity notwithstanding, I think there is also something distinct about the Dutch tradition in logic, and this is nowhere more visible than at the ILLC. To be sure, Amsterdam has been one of the centers of logic since its (modern) inception, and this tradition has clearly blossomed over the course of the last century, and continues to do so today.

Quite generally, I am very grateful to have the chance to be part of such a lively, innovative, and stimulating community, and my time here shall certainly prove to be a decisive influence on whatever I do in the future.


Loes Olde Loohuis

Loes Olde Loohuis (The Netherlands)

MSc Logic 2006-2008

There are many different ways in which one can try to attack a problem concerning logic. Computer scientists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, (computational) linguists and mathematicians all have their specific ways. The fun thing about being a logic student at the ILLC is that you don't just learn about the various approaches, but that you are challenged to see connections between them, to build bridges and to combine insights from various perspectives.

For me one of the greatest advantages the master of Logic program is the high degree of freedom. As a student you are free to develop, explore or create whatever it is that makes your heart beat faster. In more concrete terms this means that under supervision you can develop a program that fits your personal interests.

The atmosphere at the ILLC is very informal; there is a close and personal contact between students and staff. Whenever you have some idea or maybe no ideas at all, there will be many people (including both staff and students) that are willing to offer you their advice.

Lastly, it does not always rain in Amsterdam!


Fan Yang

Fan Yang (China)

MSc Logic 2006-2008

My most important impression of the ILLC is very typical of the Netherlands: a community that respects freedom in many ways. The ILLC is rightly proud of its interdisciplinary research atmosphere, and the MSc in Logic programme is quite interdisciplinary as well. It is always quite exciting to have conversations on whatever topics with future logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists or linguists from all over the world.

As a student from China, there are many things I had to get used to. For example, 1 pm is time for afternoon naps for most students in China. However, at the ILLC, many appointments or discussion groups start at 1 pm. It then seemed to me that people at the ILLC never get tired. I still remember one day, after a long discussion with a fellow student, she asked me: "Did you enjoy it?" Yeah, it was fun. Then, suddenly, I understood why people at the ILLC never get tired: they really enjoy it!

It was the pursuit of the joy of intelligence and pure science that was behind the Dutch achievements in logic in the past. The members of the ILLC are still pursuing the joy of logic. The blackboards of the ILLC are always full of formulas and brilliant ideas. Professors and fellow students are always eager to exchange ideas with each other.

I really recommend coming here and joining this lively community. Enjoy logic! Enjoy Amsterdam!


Salvador Mascarenhas

Salvador Mascarenhas (Portugal)

MSc Logic 2006-2009

At the ILLC, 'interdisciplinarity' is more than just an impressive word: thanks to the unifying language and methods of logic, fruitful dialogue and exchange of ideas are possible between researchers in domains as diverse as natural language semantics and computer science.

For that reason, the MSc Logic not only gave me the opportunity to learn about my desired field of specialization from leading researchers and inspirational teachers, it also made me a capable and critical judge of work in areas unrelated to mine, with questions at the end of talks.


Pablo Cubides Kovacsics

Pablo Cubides Kovacsics (Colombia)

MSc Logic 2007-2009

When trying to establish the aims and structure of a Master’s programme one has to choose between two different approaches. Either one offers basic and advanced courses on few subjects, encouraging the alumni to acquire highly developed skills in those areas, or one proposes an interdisciplinary programme giving introductory courses on many topics and promoting their interplay. In my view, the ILLC’s Master of Logic has a perfect balance between specialized research and interdisciplinary work resolving the payoff between these two approaches. Here you will find basic courses for almost every subject related to logic nowadays. In addition, you can choose to take independent projects on advanced topics with any professor. You will always find a way to fill gaps in your background and also to continue with a line of work you were already familiar with.


Inés Crespo

Inés Crespo (Argentina)

MSc Logic 2007-2009
PhD 2010-

My academic experience here has been unique. I've been able to take as many mathematical logic courses as I dared, but that nourished and did not displace my philosophical attitude and interests. My inquisitive stance has matured and become better articulated: the formal training in the programme is a true atmosphere, not only a curriculum. In the MSc in Logic we live in an environment of interaction that lets us most vividly reflect on people's intelligent interactions.

My human experience in Amsterdam has taken all my relations to an unexpected degree of appreciation and concern. Friends, colleagues and teachers here might have had very little in common with my past or background. But far from hindering the bonds, this fact seems to have catalyzed the connection I've made with those with which I share this journey.

And Amsterdam's (few) sunny days are beautiful, not to be missed.


Lorenz Demey

Lorenz Demey (Belgium)

MSc Logic 2008-2010

Without any doubt, I can say that being a student in the Master of Logic programme at the ILLC has been the most intellectually stimulating experience of my life so far. One of the aspects I like most about logic is its interdisciplinarity: logic is at the intersection of a broad variety of other scientific disciplines, bridging the humanities (philosophy, linguistics, game theory, cognitive science...) and the exact sciences (mathematics, computer science...). At the ILLC this is translated into a vast offering of courses with varied contents and difficulty levels, so that students with any background will be able to satisfy their needs – whether you choose to explore entirely new territories, or to build further on your previously acquired knowledge.

There is, however, much more to the Master of Logic than the regular courses. This programme can truly be called a research master. Initially, I attended several seminars, workshops and lectures by ILLC researchers or visitors, and then, via individual research projects and, ultimately, my master's thesis, I ended up producing my own first pieces of independent research – almost without noticing it myself! Needless to say, all of this requires (a lot of) hard work and discipline. However, because of the open-minded and friendly atmosphere at the ILLC, you never grow tired of studying and researching logic.

All in all, I think that attending the Master of Logic constitutes a promising and internationally recognized beginning of a logician's career. I fully recommend it to everybody who is as interested in logic as I am!


Kian Mintz-Woo

Kian Mintz-Woo (Canada)

MSc Logic 2008-2010

In the ILLC, the intellectual challenge and corresponding reward is immense. What makes the experience so valuable is the opportunity to study alongside philosophers, linguists, mathematicians and computer scientists. This means that if you put the effort in, you will discover disparate vistas of logic (from neural networks to NP-completeness and from Kantian cognition to cardinal arithmetic). Interdisciplinarity is a rare opportunity. Despite the different tracks, however, at the ILLC everyone works together to push the frontiers of logic.
I came to the MoL from Canada with a B.A. in Philosophy and Creative Writing. I found out about the program from my logic teacher who told me that if he was an undergraduate today and could go anywhere in the world to study logic, he would attend this program. In my time there, I could see why. Time spent at the ILLC is time spent aggregating different domains of logic at a high level with motivated and creative students. Not only were the students' intellectual backgrounds diverse, but so were their cultures.
Of course, the advantages of entering this institute go beyond the intellectual; the city of Amsterdam had many of the advantages of a metropolis with the size and pace of a town (it should however be noted that the gap between the life of a tourist and the life of a resident is the largest of any city I've known). As a North American, the chance to explore a city and country with a broad history (and excellent museums) was a huge bonus.
In short, if you are interested in pursuing or investigating logic, the ILLC stands out in terms of intellectual rigour, a wide-ranging outlook and cutting-edge research.


Christian Geist

Christian Geist (Germany)

MSc Logic 2008-2010

Studying at the ILLC has clearly been a privilege because of the excellent courses offered and the cutting-edge research that is happening there. But even more has it been a privilege to be able to work with the exceptional people at this institute. Both students and professors are extremely approachable and create an unrivaled, collaborative atmosphere, in which studying is a great pleasure. I remember many enjoyable hours of discussing ideas with fellow students, PhDs and professors, which brought together different perspectives, backgrounds and fields and thereby led to truly interdisciplinary results that would have been impossible in a different setting. On top of this amazing atmosphere, you get great freedom in developing and choosing your own line of research while at the same time having access to many forms of guidance, for instance from your student and academic mentors.
Of course, since people at the ILLC are tremendously passionate about logic, you are also expected to invest quite a significant amount of your time and energy into this program. But if you do, be prepared for the most rewarding experience!
So, if you share this passion for logic, I can only recommend you become a part of this great community at the ILLC in Amsterdam!


Annemieke Reijngoud

Annemieke Reijngoud (The Netherlands)

MSc Logic 2009-2011

The words that best describe my experience at the ILLC.

Interdisciplinary. I started the master program as a would-be linguist, I graduated in computational social choice, and in between I took courses in modal logic, game theory and philosophy.

Research. At the ILLC the love for logic is everywhere. Researchers are extremely approachable, and they talk with great enthusiasm about their research. The master program also offers 6-week deep-dive courses in particular research topics. For example, I studied and discussed formal principles of welfare together with 5 other students and a supervising postdoc. In the master thesis I presented my first piece of 'real' science; a valuable, frustrating and rewarding experience at the same time.

Great people. I had a lot of fun with the other students while working together on assignments, but also after class. I'll definitely remember the drinks we had after our Thursday evening class, the endless discussions about everything in the student room, and the typical dutch Sinterklaas parties we celebrated together.

If you love logic too and if you are not afraid of intellectual challenges, please apply! I have not regretted it.


Fabio Zanasi

Fabio Zanasi (Italy)

MSc Logic 2010-2012

Since my days as a bachelor student I have been wanting to become a "logician". To this aim, I thought that I should have worked hard, but also I should have been lucky enough to find myself in "the right place". The ILLC has proven to really be such a place for me. In particular, the master program presents unique features that made my two-years logic training in Amsterdam an intense and truly satisfactory experience. First, the choice of topics covered in the courses is extremely wide and rich, being appealing for students coming from Computer Science, Mathematics and Philosophy. This is because the master does not offer any course specific to those fields, but flourishes at the intersection of them, featuring each year twenty-thirty courses with different perspectives on logic and its applications. The selection of topics is updated each year: it is not rare to see a course covering the state of art in a particular area, exposing students to the cutting-edge research in logic.

Beyond the courses, I have been truly enriched by my everyday life with the other students. The majority of them are talented foreigners which were attracted by the international reputation of the master. Coming from different (both scientific and cultural) backgrounds, logic students create an atmosphere of interaction and fruitful exchange of ideas, which is also supported by the presence of a common room when most of their activities take place. Professors clearly appreciate the quality of students and collaborations with staff members arise quite naturally.

This synergy often leads to "projects", which are another peculiarity of the programme. Students not only have much freedom in choosing the courses they want, but they can also propose something on their own (a project, indeed), which usually consists in tackling some advanced topic or pursuing some line of research. Projects represented a key step in my education: I had the chance to explore areas of logic which are usually not covered at the master level, presenting them in talks and seminars; I also learned to organize independently my work in a way which has also been fruitful at the PhD level.

These and other aspects contribute to make this program something special, where talented and motivated students are in ideal conditions to develop their own skills. I believe that I could not have received a better education in logic elsewhere and I feel lucky that I have been part of it.


Paula Henk

Paula Henk (Estonia)

MSc Logic 2010-2012

I started the MoL-programme at the ILLC with the vague but firm idea that I want to study logic. Obtaining my Bachelor degree in Cognitive Science, I had acquired knowledge in fields as diverse as neurobiology, linguistics, artificial intelligence, and philosophy. My encounter with logic had not gone beyond an introductory course, but I was fascinated by the world of abstract thought and wanted to learn more about it. Fortunately, one does not need more than that in order to become a MoL-student.

The courses being taught at the ILLC offer more than enough possibilities to explore different areas of logic. If you're interested in a subject not covered in any of the classes, you can always arrange for an individual project, or attend a course at another university in the Netherlands. You have the freedom to discover what interests you the most, and you have the freedom to pursue it. There are probably not many Master's programmes out there where someone with a degree in Cognitive Science can shift focus to mathematical logic. Within the MoL-programme, however, reorientations such as this are no exceptions.

Being a student at the ILLC means so much more than just learning a bunch of theorems from textbooks --- in the ILLC, logic is alive. This means, first, that several courses are being taught by researchers actively involved in the subject themselves. Second, and more importantly, when you're with MoL-students, there is always the potential of logic becoming the subject of discussion --- while having lunch at the institute, buying groceries at Albert Heijn, or having drinks at a local bar. I think I can safely say that I have learned at least as much logic during conversations like this than I have while engaging in more traditional forms of learning, such as attending lectures and solving homework problems.

During my time as a Master student, the MoL-room at the ILLC became something like a second home for me. This was of course due to the sheer amount of time I spent there, working. But a home is nothing without a family, and this is indeed how I started to feel about some of my fellow students. Already the shared passion for logic is a favorable precondition for mutual understanding, rendering the differences in academical or cultural background insignificant. Add to this the intense experience of doing the MoL-programme together, and you have the perfect ingredients for friendships more special than you ever imagined possible.


Aybuke Ozgun

Aybüke Özgün (Turkey)

MSc Logic 2011-2013

I learned about the MSc in Logic from my bachelor-thesis supervisor who told me that if I wanted to have the opportunity to study a variety of fields in logic and learn how to do proper research in those subjects, the ILLC would be the best place to go. My experiences at the ILLC have confirmed his this. The variety of courses offered allows you to discover and explore different areas - mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, computer science - of logic and cutting edge research at the intersection of those. As a mathematics undergrad, I had the chance to take many philosophy and linguistics courses which provided the direction for my future studies. The courses and individual projects not only provide the opportunity to cover the basics of a topic, but almost "oblige" you to follow and even contribute to the most current research in the respective area. If you are planning to come to the ILLC, you should be prepared for very hard but rewarding work. You will learn more than you thought you would and the satisfaction from having understood a difficult topic will make you forget about the sleepless nights spent with like-minded friends from literally all around the world doing homework and projects in the MoL-room. The ILLC provides many opportunities to connect with logicians outside of the institute via the guest lectures, weekly/biweekly seminars and colloquia. I must add that, as I witnessed repeatedly during my stay in Amsterdam from interactions with logicians from outside the ILLC, the MSc-programme is already very well-known and respected all over the world in the logic community.

Another point that strikes me about the ILLC is its international environment. In my year, for example, there were around 40 master students from 23 different countries. The internationality of the institute gives you the opportunity to meet extremely motivated, smart and successful future logicians from all around the world and to get to know different cultures and the chance to broaden your intellectual and cultural perspective.

All in all, I am quite sure that going to Amsterdam to attend the MSc-programme at the ILLC was the best possible start of my academic career in logic. If you are a logic enthusiast and search for a demanding intellectual journey, the ILLC is the right place for you!


UvA Student Interviews