Modelling Multilateral Negotiation in Linear Logic
Daniele Porello, Ulle Endriss
Abstract:
We show how to embed a framework for multilateral negotiation,
in which a group of agents implement a sequence of deals
concerning the exchange of a number of resources, into linear logic.
In this model, multisets of goods, allocations of resources, preferences
of agents, and deals are all modelled as formulas of linear logic.
Whether or not a proposed deal is rational, given the preferences of
the agents concerned, reduces to a question of provability, as does
the question of whether there exists a sequence of deals leading to an
allocation with certain desirable properties, such as maximising social
welfare. Thus, linear logic provides a formal basis for modelling
convergence properties in distributed resource allocation.